When Can the Moderator/Chairman of a Meeting Vote?

From the Robert’s Rules of Order website:

Is it true that the president can vote only to break a tie? No, it is not true that the president can vote only to break a tie. If the president is a member of the assembly, he or she has exactly the same rights and privileges as all other members have, including the right to make motions, speak in debate and to vote on all questions. However, the impartiality required of the presiding officer of an assembly (especially a large one) precludes exercising the right to make motions or debate while presiding, and also requires refraining from voting except (i) when the vote is by ballot, or (ii) whenever his or her vote will affect the result. When will the chairs vote affect the result? On a vote which is not by ballot, if a majority vote is required and there is a tie, he or she may vote in the affirmative to cause the motion to prevail. If there is one more in the affirmative than in the negative, he or she can create a tie by voting in the negative to cause the motion to fail. Similarly, if a two-thirds vote is required, he or she may vote either to cause, or to block, attainment of the necessary two thirds. [RRONR (10th ed.), p. 392-93; see also Table A, p.190 of RRONR In Brief.]

In a committee, the rules are even looser: “The chairman [of a committee] can speak in discussion without rising or leaving the chair; and, subject to rule or custom within the particular board…, he usually can make motions and usually votes on all questions” (RRONR (10th ed.), p. 471).

SDG,
The Farmer

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